Musical Period: Late-romantic/Nationalistic
Enrique Granados was born in 1867 in the town of Catalonia. Granados quickly became known as a great pianist and went to Paris to study it in 1887. He returned to Barcelona in 1889 to make his musical debut there, and in 1898, he won a royal commendation for his comic opera Maria del Carmen. From then on, Granados split his time with teaching, composing, and performing. He loved to perform with two major musicians; French-violinist, Jacques Thibaud and Spanish-cellist, Pablo Casals.
His compositions reflect his Spanish heritage. Granados wrote during the period of nationalism, where composers often wrote with the sounds and themes from their country of origin interwoven into their music. Granados was one of the leading Spanish composers to write in this way. His greatest successes were in his solo piano music.
One of his most famous works is Goyescas, a set of highly original pieces each inspired by a painting by an artist named Goya. This composition was a huge success in Spain and France, so he and his wife traveled to New York to debut it there as well. Sadly, the voyage back home would be their last. Granados and his wife were on board the ocean liner, the Sussex, that was torpedoed in the English Channel. That day, the world had lost a great Spanish-nationalistic composer way too soon, but his music continues to be played today.